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WHAT  IS STAMMERING?

 Stammering, is primarily characterised by repetitions, pauses, and prolongations in speech. Stammering usually occurs on the initial sound or syllable of a word, in the first word of a sentence, on accented syllables, and on 'content' words. 'Content' words carry the meaning of a sentence, which is why when listeners guess what a stammerer is trying to say, they often get it wrong.

Stammering usually starts around the time that language skills are developing, and onset is generally gradual in nature. Late-onset developmental stammering is rare. Some stammerer will be more fluent in some situations than others and the same person can be more fluent at some times than others. This variability can cause tremendous frustration on the part of the stammerer.

Studies have shown that stammering increases when saying one's name, speaking on the telephone, speaking to an authority figure, or speaking to an audience. Equally, stammering decreases when saying a phrase repeatedly, speaking in chorus with another person, when speaking alone or to animals, when singing, using a lower pitch, using a different accent, using electronic anti-stuttering devices, and even when crawling on all fours.